Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and it is displaying great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an on-going project and is exhibiting me diabetes help great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently performing clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and thus no insulin is produced. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant will give warning signs when the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven't any warning and frequently just black out which may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.
Islet cell transplantation can not treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there are not sufficient donors to go around with only about 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.
The answer to this issue is to make islets in the lab utilizing stems cells. There is certainly research going on using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving slowly and gradually. People who think that life starts at conception firmly oppose embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells have not become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you'll find studies which raise queries about the potential of these cells as therapies.A recent published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells obtained from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin - these are typically called beta cells, but there's debate over this research and it has not been able to be reproduced.
Although the research using stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists think that this research holds the most promise for success for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the battle to discover a cure for this serious disease.